FullSizeRenderJose Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, addressed the APPG on 27 November 2017, calling for another Green Revolution - but not like the one of the past.

"That model is exhausted," he told assembled Parliamentarians and members of the public.

"We need to replace it with a friendlier approach - one that is less environmentally damaging, and based on knowledge rather than intensive use of inputs."

Graziano da Silva pointed out that hunger still persists, with 815 million going hungry every day in spite of increases in production. Overall, there's already enough food in the world to feed us all, he said, but the problem is access at the bottom of the pyramid.

"More than half of those 815 million are subsistence farmers who can't produce enough. Meawhile, another two billion people are overweight."

FullSizeRenderOn 31 October 2017, the APPG hosted the President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development, Gilbert Houngbo. A former Prime Minister of Togo, Mr Houngbo took over from Kanayo Nwanze earlier this year.

In his speech - "IFAD: Enabling rural communities to step up to the SDGs" - Mr Houngbo pointed out that rural people make up 40% of the world's population, but account for 75% of the poorest and hungriest. And it's in the most rural areas that you'll find IFAD doing its work, he said.

"When you drive out of the cities, first you'll go past the embassies. A bit further out you'll find the NGOs. And when you're really far out, that's where you'll find IFAD."

It's in these rural areas that poverty is concentrated, and that's where the agency's efforts must be focused, he said.

"They are predominantly smallholders, and they are also the catalyst for economic growth."

Screen Shot 2017 10 23 at 14.49.49When weather shocks occur, smallholder farmers in developing countries are the least able to cope and are easily dragged into extreme poverty and food insecurity. It is important that those most vulnerable to the effects of climate change are helped to build resilience to its impacts. If they are not, tens of millions of people may be pushed back into extreme poverty by 2030, undoing improvements of recent years and undermining progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.

On Wednesday 12 July 2017 the APPG hosting the Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund for a briefing and discussion. 

Daniel Ohonde (COO) and Paul Greener (CEO) spoke to assembled Parliamentarians on the Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund as a development tool, its impact to date on rural poverty, and its future direction having recently been launched as a standalone entity after a decade of incubation within AGRA.

The meeting covered the nature and impact of challenge funds in general, and AECF in particular. If agriculture is Africa's most promising route to prosperity, to what extent are challenge funds the way to get there? How do we assess their impact? How successful is the model in unlocking the potential of women farmers and young people?

"Agriculture is critical and needs to be sustainable, creating income for more than one season," said Ohonde. "For example, we've supported 11 seed companies and made a difference to 600,000 farmers. The idea of focusing on the private sector is to ensure sustainability. The enterprises we support, in turn support an entire economic ecosystem."

The Africa-based AECF was launched at the World Economic Forum in 2007 and began operations in 2008, when it launched its first competition. Since then, it has grown from a US$34 million fund to the current US$256 million Enterprise Challenge Fund that has supported 257 businesses in 23 countries and has reached over 10 million people across the continent. It funds businesses in a number of sectors, namely, agribusiness, rural financial services, communications systems, renewable energy and adaptation of innovative technologies to combat climate change. 

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A lack of access to basic infrastructure is a major obstacle for rural smallholders attempting to improve their livelihoods. More than 620 million people in sub-Saharan Africa (two-thirds of the population) live without electricity and two thirds of rural Africans live more than two kilometres from an all-season road.

Rural smallholders need better access to energy, irrigation, storage and transport infrastructure if they are to increase yields and participate in markets. These issues are all explored in the APPG’s latest report, Rural Infrastructure for Smallholders.

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The APPG visited Uganda from April 1-5, 2017, with funding from the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association UK.

Lord Cameron of Dillington, Kerry McCarthy MP and Patrick Grady MP joined the delegation. The visit included meetings with the Parliamentary Agriculture Committee in Kampala and DFID, as well as trips out of Kampala to see the work of HarvestPlus, World Food Programme, One Acre Fund and the Africa Innovations Institute. 

A full report is available here.

worldfoodprizeOn March 14, 2017 the APPG hosted the 2016 World Food Prize Laureates for a panel discussion on their work on biofortification, specifically orange-flesh sweet potato (OFSP). 

The 2016 World Food Prize was the first ever awarded to four laureates: three scientists from the International Potato Center (Maria Andrade, Robert Mwanga and Jan Low) as well as Dr. Howarth Bouis (IFPRI). 

On 23 January 2017 the APPG hosted a private roundtable discussion addressing the question: ‘Is global agricultural research making a difference to the rural poor in developing countries?’

The roundtable was held on the eve of the General Assembly in London of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Founded in 1971, CGIAR is a consortium of global agricultural research centres aimed at reducing poverty and achieving food security in developing countries. It is made up of 15 centres including the International Livestock Research Institute, the International Water Management Institute, World Agroforestry Centre and Bioversity International.

IMG 4608Africa is a world leader in poverty and hunger due to a lack of committed leadership and rampant corruption, said Dr Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in his address to the APPG  on 7 December. 

 “Sub-Saharan Africa has 25 per cent of the world’s arable land but generates only ten per cent of its agricultural output,” Nwanze told group. “Why is this? Lack of leadership, lack of national pride and a blind eye to greed and corruption.” 

On 2 November 2016, the APPG hosted the Global Panel’s UK launch of its Foresight report: Food systems and diets: Facing the challenges of the 21st century.

The Foresight report sets out how the burden of malnutrition is equivalent to that of experiencing a global financial crisis every year. An estimated 3 billion people across 193 countries have low-quality diets which contribute to poor nutrition and health outcomes, while also slowing economic and development progress. The report outlines the toll that malnutrition takes on individuals, nations and economies today and forecasts the expanding costs and consequences if these trends continue. It provides a guide for governments and decision-makers to change course through action and investment to create food systems that promote health and deliver quality diets.

The APPG on Agriculture and Food for Development held its AGM on 18 October 2016.

Minutes of the meeting are available here and an income and expenditure statement for 2015/16 is available here.