Challenge funds and their impact on development
On Wednesday 12 July 2017 the APPG hosting the Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund for a briefing and discussion.
Daniel Ohonde (COO) and Paul Greener (CEO) spoke to assembled Parliamentarians on the Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund as a development tool, its impact to date on rural poverty, and its future direction having recently been launched as a standalone entity after a decade of incubation within AGRA.
The meeting covered the nature and impact of challenge funds in general, and AECF in particular. If agriculture is Africa's most promising route to prosperity, to what extent are challenge funds the way to get there? How do we assess their impact? How successful is the model in unlocking the potential of women farmers and young people?
"Agriculture is critical and needs to be sustainable, creating income for more than one season," said Ohonde. "For example, we've supported 11 seed companies and made a difference to 600,000 farmers. The idea of focusing on the private sector is to ensure sustainability. The enterprises we support, in turn support an entire economic ecosystem."
The Africa-based AECF was launched at the World Economic Forum in 2007 and began operations in 2008, when it launched its first competition. Since then, it has grown from a US$34 million fund to the current US$256 million Enterprise Challenge Fund that has supported 257 businesses in 23 countries and has reached over 10 million people across the continent. It funds businesses in a number of sectors, namely, agribusiness, rural financial services, communications systems, renewable energy and adaptation of innovative technologies to combat climate change.
Report launch: rural infrastructure for smallholders
A lack of access to basic infrastructure is a major obstacle for rural smallholders attempting to improve their livelihoods. More than 620 million people in sub-Saharan Africa (two-thirds of the population) live without electricity and two thirds of rural Africans live more than two kilometres from an all-season road.
Rural smallholders need better access to energy, irrigation, storage and transport infrastructure if they are to increase yields and participate in markets. These issues are all explored in the APPG’s latest report, Rural Infrastructure for Smallholders.
APPG takes Parliamentarians on visit to Uganda
The APPG visited Uganda from April 1-5, 2017, with funding from the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association UK.
Lord Cameron of Dillington, Kerry McCarthy MP and Patrick Grady MP joined the delegation. The visit included meetings with the Parliamentary Agriculture Committee in Kampala and DFID, as well as trips out of Kampala to see the work of HarvestPlus, World Food Programme, One Acre Fund and the Africa Innovations Institute.
A full report is available here.
APPG hosts 2016 World Food Prize laureates
The 2016 World Food Prize was the first ever awarded to four laureates: three scientists from the International Potato Center (Maria Andrade, Robert Mwanga and Jan Low) as well as Dr. Howarth Bouis (IFPRI).
APPG hosts CGIAR roundtable meeting
On 23 January 2017 the APPG hosted a private roundtable discussion addressing the question: ‘Is global agricultural research making a difference to the rural poor in developing countries?’
The roundtable was held on the eve of the General Assembly in London of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Founded in 1971, CGIAR is a consortium of global agricultural research centres aimed at reducing poverty and achieving food security in developing countries. It is made up of 15 centres including the International Livestock Research Institute, the International Water Management Institute, World Agroforestry Centre and Bioversity International.
Governance is greatest challenge, IFAD President tells APPG
Africa is a world leader in poverty and hunger due to a lack of committed leadership and rampant corruption, said Dr Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in his address to the APPG on 7 December.
“Sub-Saharan Africa has 25 per cent of the world’s arable land but generates only ten per cent of its agricultural output,” Nwanze told group. “Why is this? Lack of leadership, lack of national pride and a blind eye to greed and corruption.”
APPG hosts launch of Global Panel's Foresight report
On 2 November 2016, the APPG hosted the Global Panel’s UK launch of its Foresight report: Food systems and diets: Facing the challenges of the 21st century.
The Foresight report sets out how the burden of malnutrition is equivalent to that of experiencing a global financial crisis every year. An estimated 3 billion people across 193 countries have low-quality diets which contribute to poor nutrition and health outcomes, while also slowing economic and development progress. The report outlines the toll that malnutrition takes on individuals, nations and economies today and forecasts the expanding costs and consequences if these trends continue. It provides a guide for governments and decision-makers to change course through action and investment to create food systems that promote health and deliver quality diets.
APPG livestock event
On 29 June the APPG co-hosted an event with DFID's agricultural research team to mark the launch of a Brucellosis Vaccine Prize.
The launch of this $30m prize - to incentivise animal health companies to develop a more effective Brucellosis vaccine - was an opportunity for the APPG to bring together a panel of experts to discuss the importance of livestock to livelihoods and food/nutrition security in developing countries.
The event was attended by the following Parliamentarians:
Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer
Countess of Mar
Duke of Montrose
Lord Cameron of Dillington (chair)
Click here for a full report of the event.
Report: Women smallholders & cross-border trade in Rwanda
From 2 - 7 April 2016, the APPG on Agriculture & Food for Development conducted a field study in Rwanda, together with the APPG on Trade out of Poverty.
Agriculture is the backbone of the Rwandan economy, contributing 35% of total GDP. Almost all (90%) of the population depend on the sector for their livelihoods. And in spite of the great strides made by Rwanda since the genocide of 1994, rural populations still suffer food insecurity and poor nutritional outcomes. Access to inputs, problems of land tenure, climate change and access to value chains are just some of the issues stifling the livelihoods of Rwandan smallholders.
On this trip, the APPGs - including several Parliamentarians - looked specifically at the challenges faced by women smallholders and cross-border informal traders in accessing markets, credit, technology, knowledge and training.
The delegation met with organisations including:
- Rwanda's Ministry of Agriculture
- the Rwandan Parliamentary Agriculture Committee
- DFID's country office
- World Food Programme
- TradeMark East Africa
- Hand in Hand International
- CARE Rwanda
A full report on the visit - with policy recommendations - is available here (PDF).
APPG meets with European Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development
Lord Cameron of Dillington, co-chair of the APPG, visited Brussels for a day of meetings on 1st October. He met with Neven Mimica, European Commissioner for International Cooperation, Jean-Pierre Halkin, Head of Unit for Rural Development, Food and Nutrition at Europaid, Dr. Jurgen Anthofer, Executive Secretary for Agricultural Research for Development and the Secretariat for the Committee on Development in the European Parliament. The meetings focused on the importance of support for smallholder farmers to achieve the newly agreed Sustainable Development Goals and the role of profitable smallholder agriculture as an engine for growth in rural communities in sub-Sahara Africa.